Opening is easy-the athletic arena on the street 60 years of October/2 Sports complex of the Institute of physical culture and sports. Educational building №8 Per. Furshtatsky №1 Dean of the Institute Thyssen Mr Biryukov.
From the beginning of March 2020, 1st year students of IDiNO specialty “Primary Education and Foreign Language” worked on a project in the direction “Orenburg Region and Its Residents during the Great Patriotic War” under the guidance of a teacher of the discipline “Speech Practices” G.Kh. Agapova. Students collected material on various topics: “My great-grandfather is a veteran of the Great Patriotic War”, “Orenburg during the Great Patriotic War”, “The contribution of Orenburgers to the Victory in the Great Patriotic War”, etc.: studied the historical chronicle, met with relatives of the Great Patriotic War veterans, collected archive photos .
Distance learning made adjustments to the course of work, but it did not prevent the continuation of research activities: students wrote essays, organized thematic video reading, thereby practicing mastery of public speaking, in demand in educational and scientific situations, communication and other types of communication activities necessary as in professional as well as in personal areas of life.
There was a knock on our door uninvited guest. Over the Fatherland the breath of a thunder flashed. Listen, Motherland! In the menacing time of war Your battle sons swear victory. Every ear of our collective farm fields, The trumpet of engines and the rustle of poplars By the life of our children, we swear to you today - To crush the fascist reptile in a formidable, harsh war. A. Surkov, Moscow, June 22, 1941 History is alive as long as we keep it carefully in memory, passing it from generation to generation ...
This year we celebrate the 75th anniversary of Victory in the Great Patriotic War. There was not a single family in the Soviet Union that the 1941-1945 war spared, there was not a single person who remained indifferent and did not defend the Homeland.
The Chkalov region and its inhabitants were among those who defended the country from the enemy from the first days: in June, about 25 thousand residents voluntarily went to the front, by September 1941, more than 70 thousand Chkalovites joined the ranks of the people's militia. These were our grandfathers, great-grandfathers who showed heroism and dedication and reached the victorious end. Is it possible to oblivion the names of real heroes ?! Of course not! Teachers, as the guardians of the fire of memory, should tell modern schoolchildren about the terrible events of those times, about veterans and home front workers, about the troubles and famines suffered by the people, thereby educating young people to respect the heroes of the Second World War, who need to be known by name and honor their memory forever ...
On the eve of Victory Day celebrations, students suggest recalling with good memory our fellow countrymen who played a great role in the fate of the people and the country: In 1945, the most brutal and destructive battle of the twentieth century - the Great Patriotic War ended. A worthy contribution to the victory over fascism was made by the inhabitants of the Orenburg (at that time Chkalov) region.
More than four hundred thousand Orenburg residents went to the front. They defended the approaches to Moscow, fought near Leningrad, on the Kursk Bulge, participated in the liberation of Europe from fascism, stormed Berlin. Bravely guided the partisan formation on the territory of Belarus Hero of the Soviet Union, a native of the Oktyabrsky district of the Orenburg region Grigory Linkov. The whole world knows the name of our countryman - the author of the "Moabite Notebook", the Tatar poet, Hero of the Soviet Union Musa Jalil, a native of the Sharlyk region. In total, over the years of the war, the title of Hero of the Soviet Union was awarded to 235 Orenburgers, 43 became full holders of the Order of Glory, over 55 thousand were awarded military orders and medals. Unfortunately, more than 185 thousand people did not return from the battlefields ... (Ekaterina Tretyakova “Contribution of the Orenburg Region to the Victory in the Great Patriotic War”). In August 1941, the 360th Infantry Division was formed in Orenburg, which included 1,641 people. They went to the front to defend the honor and freedom of their homeland, the lives of not only their contemporaries, their children and grandchildren, but also distant descendants, who all their lives with gratitude, awe and tears in their eyes will remember the great feat of their glorious ancestors.
The Orenburg division began its journey from battles near Moscow and marched to the Baltic Sea, freeing more than two and a half thousand cities and villages from the enemy invasion. In one of the issues of the newspaper Pravda, an appeal from an Orenburger was published: “I just spent my son and daughter in the Red Army. When we parted, we agreed that they were there, in the ranks of the valiant Red Army, and here, together with our entire team of Swiss workers, we, regardless of the time, would work with even greater energy to supply the soldiers and commanders of the Red Army and Naval forces in abundance Navy with everything necessary ”(Anastasia Martynova“ Orenburg during the Great Patriotic War ”).
Thousands of wonderful pilots brought up Orenburg military schools. More than one hundred seventy-five pupils received the title of Hero of the Soviet Union. Most of them became heroes during the war. Four dozen enemy aircraft were shot down by brave pilots Sergey Lugansky and Talgat Begeldinov. They and their comrades were awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union twice. A pilot from Orsk, Hero of the Soviet Union, Vasily Prokofievich Sinchuk heroically fought with the enemies of the Motherland.
The Hero of the Soviet Union, Mikhail Devyatayev, who fled with his comrades from Nazi captivity on a plane captured from the Nazis studied at the Orenburg Military Aviation School. A pupil of the school, Grigory Bahchivandzhi, on May 15, 1942, was the first in the world to fly into the sky on a jet plane. In battles with the Nazis, thirteen graduates of the school made aerial rams, among them the only woman in the world - Ekaterina Zelenko, awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union, her name is one of the stars of our galaxy. Heroic pages inscribed our fellow countrymen in the resistance movement. The names of Fyodor Poletaev, Vasily Voychenko, Yakov Gordienko, Semyon Sapozhnikov are known not only in our country, but also in Europe (Valery Kocheshkov “Orenburg during the Great Patriotic War. Heroes of the Orenburg Region”). June 22, 1941 dramatically changed the life of Orsk. Tens of thousands of residents went to the front. Many never returned.
During the Great Patriotic War, Orsk was in the rear. Evacuated enterprises and factories began to arrive from Ukraine and the central regions of Russia. On the site of Lokomotivstroy, the Novokramotorsky Heavy Engineering Plant (YuUMZ) and the Tula Plant (Krakhmaleva Elizaveta “Orsk during the Great Patriotic War”) were located.
During the Great Patriotic War, samples of heroic labor were shown by workers at the Orsk Oil Refinery named after V.P. Chkalov, whose construction began here in the years of the second five-year plan. Autumn 1941 The State Defense Committee (GKO) suggested that the plant establish production of autol. The work was headed by the master - the communist A.F. Turkin. The team of his team devotedly worked. And the task was completed in three days. Soon, tons of autol went to the front (Potokina Raisa “Orenburg during the Great Patriotic War”). My great-grandfather, Gusev Fedor Alekseevich, was born on November 22, 1912 in with. Pokrovka Sharlyksky area in a large family. He was drafted to the front in December 1941 in the rifle division. In January 1942, he arrived in the regiment of the 23rd Guards-Artillery Division, and from 12/06/1942 to August 1943 he served in the 729th Anti-Aircraft Artillery Regiment and was a gunner. Then he was transferred to the 386th anti-aircraft artillery regiment until 05/09. 1945 year. On March 9, 1943, during an offensive in the area of the village of Sosnovka, he personally destroyed 3 enemy soldiers. In offensive battles on the bridgehead, the Velikaya River shot down 2 fascist aircraft. On November 4, 1944, being on a direct fire, he killed 4 enemy soldiers. In World War II has 4 wounds.
On behalf of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, for his exploits, for the exemplary performance of combat missions of command on the front of the fight against the German invaders and the courage shown at the same time, he was awarded the Order of the Red Star and the medal For Victory over Germany. My great-grandfather served on the Kalinin Front, and met the victory in the Baltic states (Adanaya Elena "My great-grandfather is a member of the Great Patriotic War"). My grandfather, Ivan Vladimirovich Vypirailo (1925 - 1992), fought from 1944 to 1945. He had a military wound, was awarded the Order of the Patriotic War II degree. Before the war, he studied at a military school (rank - officer), returning from the front to the city of Kuvandyk, worked as a welder, as well as in a mine. My grandmother, Shumkina Alexandra Terentyevna (1926 - 2005), worked in the rear from 1943 to 1945; before the war, she worked on a collective farm. During the war, she was 15-19 years old. During the war, she participated in the construction of the South Ural Cryalite Plant (YuKZ).
After the war, she continued to work at this plant in her native Kuvandyk. My grandmother was the only participant in the war that I saw, but I was so small that I could not ask her about anything on my own (Daria Shumkina “My family during the Second World War”). The war ... Terrible dates for our country and for every person: there is not a single house left in Russia, not a single family that would have been bypassed in 1941-1945. We, children in peacetime, fortunately, do not know the true face of the war, we recognize it from the stories of those who felt everything on themselves. My great-grandfather, Vladimir Goryachev, was only seventeen years old, and he was not taken to the front. He graduated from ten classes and in 1942 he left to defend his homeland. He was immediately sent to Stalingrad in tank troops. Reaching Berlin, taking it, did not mean that it was time to go home. For two more years, my grandfather served in Brest and helped rebuild the city after the war. And finally, the long-awaited road to the homeland - home, to Donguz. He worked after the war at the evacuated plant in the RemStroy workshop, later, when the plant was disbanded, he became the head of the railway access (Grek Julia “My great-grandfather - a participant in the Second World War - was the happiest person”).
I want to talk about our fellow countryman, a resident of the city of Novotroitsk, Orenburg Region, Mansur Gizatulovich Abdulin (1928-2007), a veteran of the Great Patriotic War. Having fallen to the front in the fall of 1942, Abdulin M.G. began to fight in the division of the battalion 82-mm mortars. Mansur Gizatulovich fired his first combat shot in the war on November 6, 1942 on the Southwestern Front. He participated in the battles of Stalingrad and Kursk, liberated Poltava, Kremenchug, Kharkov, took part in the battle for the Dnieper, in the battles for the liberation of Ukraine. On November 28, 1943, Mansur Gizatulovich was seriously wounded and was transferred to the reserve from the army by a disabled person of the third group. For courage and heroism shown during the war, he was awarded four military orders, the medal "For Courage", the Order of the Patriotic War II degree (Kashina Anna "Combat Path of Mansur Gizatulovich Abdulin").
This year, the Russian Federation will celebrate a memorable date - the 75th anniversary of the Victory in the Great Patriotic War. Unfortunately, every year there are fewer and fewer survivors of veterans. Over time, there will not be those people in whose memory those events are forever alive, their comrades, their family ... The paper of their faces will not save ... Perhaps monuments and monuments will collapse ... But the memory of these real "people" will forever remain In our hearts. From year to year, the citizens of our country gather to remember those heroes who gave their lives for peace. May 9, we will again lay wreaths at the Eternal Flame, sing front-line songs. On this momentous day, in the minds of every Russian, he inadvertently recalls and repeats the phrase: "Nobody is forgotten, nothing is forgotten ..." I believe that Russian people are strong in spirit and will remain so forever. And as Valentin Pikul said: “Russia is able to survive all defeats, but it cannot be overcome. And there is no strength to break the military spirit of the Russian people.” (Alyona Sizonova, “Russia can be defeated, but it is impossible to defeat it. And there is no strength to break the Russian military spirit people ")